China’s Communist government has proposed to get rid of the term limit for their President and any future president. The announcement does not come as a surprise because during the 19th Chinese Communist Party Congress, which is held annually saw President Xi Jinping’s personal theories on how the Chinese government should operate get noted into the Party’s Charter, and Xi Jinping leaving the position of successor vacant. This would allow current Chinese President Xi Jinping to continue to serve post second term, which ends in 2022. Likewise, many have argued that this move has gone against the country’s effort to “create rules in China for the orderly exercise and transfer of political power” (NPR).
This announcement came after the 205-member central committee proposed that the section of presidential term limits be removed from the Chinese Constitution. Yet, the change must be approved by the Chinese Parliament at its annual meeting, which is scheduled to be held next month. The change is likely to be accepted by the Chinese Parliament as the parliamentary body has continuedly accepted the proposals made by either the party or the government itself has offered. Furthermore, many academics have pondered the same question posed by Political Scientist Professor Brantly Womack, “is Xi
Jinping’s personal power overriding the power of institutions and the constitution?” (NPR).
Moreover, this news represents a possible shift and a conclusion of China’s 40-year push to reform era, which was initiated after the passing of Chairman Mao Zedong in 1976. Likewise, the move also demonstrates a concern, which is that of political succession. Yet, China’s parameters on their leaders have been shaky because for one the position of the President is lower than that of its head of the Communist Party and the military. In addition, however, Xi Jinping currently holds all three positions.
Supporters of the innovative policy have made the argument that the new leadership and governance arrangements offer the Chinese Government the necessary stability that it requires operating. Likewise, they state that the new format will provide Xi Jinping the ability to lead China and the ruling party to prosperity along with power and modernity. All of this is because China plans to achieve basic modernization by the year 2035 along with regaining China’s influence in international affairs.
Consequently, however, to do so President Xi Jinping plans to restructure the party thus to make the Chinese Communist Party a more orderly and effective entity. Moreover, it’s the hope that this restructuring of the Communist party will afford the party the ability and power to regain its authority to lead both the Chinese Economy as well as the Chinese society.